Sephen and Nancy E (Holloway) Speed

Howdy cuz! Wanna get married?

I've had a breakthrough! But first, a few tidbits for genealogical newbies:

  1. Families had so. many. kids.  
  2. Families tend to pass down first names. So it's not uncommon to find two or more relatives with the same name living at the same time in the same town. Birthdates, marriage records and death dates are critical pieces of the puzzle.
  3. Family priorities were: 1) to make enough money/food to survive the season 2) to not die of influenza or contract polio.
  4. Family priorities were NOT: 1) spelling any name the same way twice 2) documenting birthdates 3) marrying outside the gene pool.

Okay, back to my breakthrough. In Hazel's line, the Holloway surname pops up all over the place. And for weeks, different parts of Hazel's tree kept overlapping and I couldn't figure out why.... until the answer jumped out at me: 

Hazel's maternal grandparents and her paternal grandparents were related!  Specifically, Hazel's paternal great grandfather and her maternal great great grandfather and were brothers: Jesse and Abner Holloway.

In other words, Hazel's ancestors are all in one big pot of incestuous cousin stew. Here are some Holloway family photos. 

Eleanor Holloway and daughters

Eleanor Holloway (1810-1892) and daughters

Heleanor (Hinshaw) Holloway

Heleanor (Hinshaw) Holloway (1810-1892)

1909 Holloway Reunion

1909 Holloway Reunion

wife and children abner holloway

Wife and children of Abner Holloway

 

Timothy & Tamer (Hollingsworth) Holloway

Timothy and Tamer Ann (Hollingsworth) Holloway. Hazel's maternal great grandparents.

Abner Holloway

Abner Holloway

Sephen and Nancy E (Holloway) Speed

Sephen and Nancy E (Holloway) Speed. Hazel's maternal grandparents.

Jesse Holloway

Jesse Holloway

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French Huguenot Refugees

French Refugees

Artist Francois Dubois depicts the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 1572

Artist Francois Dubois depicts the St Bartholomew's Day Massacre of 1572

Surprise! I found a few ancestors who weren't poor, farming Quakers from England... Introducing the French Huguenot Refugees. 

Their Story

The French Huguenots were part of the Reformed Church Movement of the 16th Century. They believed that the church didn't provide salvation - rather, it was the individual's faith alone that provided salvation. You may have heard of Martin Luther (German) and Jean Calvin (French) - both of these men were leaders in the Reformed Church Movement. 

Unfortunately, the Catholic church and leaders of France didn't like this idea so they started killing the Huguenots and their families.  In 1562, there were 800,000 Huguenots in France. By 1700, approximately 550,00 of them had recanted their faith to stay alive."During the next twenty years, it is estimated that about a quarter of a million Protestants left France." 1

Fun fact (as sasha would say): The word "refugee" was introduced to the English language during this time period, when as many as 50,000 Huguenots took (what they thought would be) temporary "refuge" in England until the politcial situation changed in France. 

 

The French Refugees in Virginia

Our ancestors, Andre Cochet and his wife, Eleanor, were among those who fled to North America. Their ship, The Mary & Ann, sailed into Jamestown, Virginia in 1700.  "It arrived at Hampton on 23 July 1700 with 118 men, 59 wives and girls and 38 children after a 13 week voyage." 2

"Where other nations often sent their poorest classes as emigrants, France had driven away her best to enrich the life of another and freer land." 3

"The Huguenot refugees who left France were generally merchants, artisans, craftsmen, weavers or were skilled in specific trades. Many were well-educated, and some were able to establish new roles as entrepreneurs or professionals where they settled. They were generally well-received where they located and became industrious members of their new communities. Many of the French Protestant refugees had to learn new skills to support themselves and their families, becoming planters and traders, learning new languages and customs, and gradually becoming part of their new communities, while retaining their strong faith. These immigrants and their descendants played significant roles in the history of their adopted countries." 4

French refugees at prayer

French Refugees at Prayer in the New World


The Tree

Andre Cochet had a son named John.

John Cochet/Cashatt had a son named John.

John Cashatt had a daughter named Eleanor. 

Eleanor married a Ratcliff and had a daughter named Margaret.

Margaret married a Hinshaw and had a daughter named Eleanor.

Eleanor married a Holloway and had Timothy.

Timothy had a daughter named Nancy.

Nancy marred Stephen Speed and had Emaline Tamer.

Emaline Tamer married Otis Raleigh Nelson and had Hazel Nelson.

 
Additional Research

http://huguenot-manakin.org/manakin/fosdickchapter.php

http://www.huguenotsociety.org.uk/history.html

http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Huguenots-America-Historical-Monographs/dp/0674413210

 
Sources

1 huguenot society

2 huguenot society

3 huguenot-manakin.org

4 huguenot society

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mama dancing

Mama, dancing

mama dancing

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Ancestry Research Links

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A month in review

1st row:

Barcelona

Sophia: 11th birthday, division 18, agent?!, 007 house party

Billy Elliot 

2nd row: 

Sasha: freckly friend playdates, science fair, cooking club

I finally finished my cookbook!

I started to work on my ancestry project...

3rd row:

Rhapsody by Royal Ballet

Favorite book this month: The Lake House (here's: what else I read)

Hours and hours of long walks through hyde park...

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Hero: Jane Smith Chandler

A Hero’s Journey: Jane Smith Chandler

home delaware river cave

Widow, Mother, Pioneer

In 1687, George and Jane Chandler along with their seven (7!) children, left their home in Wiltshire England to build a new life in the wilds of America. Their voyage was long and arduous; the seas were rough and sickness and disease were rampant. Despite his ambition for a new and better life, George Chandler died en route and was buried at sea. 

Jane and her children came ashore with next to nothing. They survived their first year by living in a cave along the Delaware River and making friends with the Indians. Eventually, Jane and her children took up land, formed a settlement and multiplied. 

"In time they spread throughout the land ... the majority continuing in the farming industry in which they had been reared. The descendants of George and Jane Chandler now number upwards of three thousand worthy and useful citizens …”

delaware river caves

Origins of the surname Chandler

"Most people born with the surname Chandler in modern times are descended, in the male line, from men in England who worked as a chandler, making and selling candles.

Until about 1350, surnames were only used by the wealthy, and were usually inherited by only the eldest son, along with the family property. The poor - most people at that time - had no need for a surname because they had no land to inherit. It was during the years 1350 to 1450 that the use of hereditary surnames became common throughout the English population. This naming - often by trade (e.g. Baker, Smith, Chandler), sometimes by location (e.g. Hill, Marsh, or the name of a town or village), occasionally by appearance (e.g. Long, Small) - would have happened village by village throughout England. Consequently, most of the people acquiring the surname Chandler in this way would not have been related to each other - they would only have been occupied in the same trade."

Candles - of vital importance in an age without electricity - were made either of wax (for churches) or tallow (for general use). Tallow is obtained from suet (the solid fat of animals such as sheep and cows), and is also used in making soap and lubricants. The Tallow Chandlers, like many other tradesmen, formed a guild in London in or around 1300 for educational, promotional and charitable purposes. The Tallow Chandlers also dealt in vinegar, salt, sauces and oils. Later, the term 'chandler' was used for corn chandlers, and for ships' chandlers who sold most of the fittings and supplies for boats, as well as the candles. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the term 'chandler' was often used simply to mean a grocer.

Wiltshire, England

Wiltshire County, England is characterized by its high downland and wide valleys. Salisbury Plain is noted for being the location of the Stonehenge and Avebury stone circles and other ancient landmarks.

Additional research and sources

Descendants Wiltshire Chandlers

Chandler Family Association

One-name.org/chandler

Wiltshire, England wiki

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the midwife's revolt

Early American Historical Fiction


 1 - Crow Hollow by Michael Wallace

2 - The Midwife’s Revolt by Jodi Daynard

3 - The Orphanmaster by Jean Zimmerman

4 - 1776 (Historical non-fiction) by David McCullough

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